numbers: The Priestly Source

Chapter 1
The Houses of Israel: The Census of Tribes
1On the first day of the second month, in the second year following the exodus from the land of Egypt, the LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the Tent of Meeting,
saying:
2Take a census of the whole Israelite community by the clans of its ancestral houses, listing the names, every male, head by head.
3You and Aaron shall record them by their groups, from the age of twenty years up, all those in Israel who are able to bear arms.
4Associated with you shall be a man from each tribe, each one the head of his ancestral house.
5These are the names of the men who shall assist you: From Reuben, Elizur son of Shedeur.
6From Simeon, Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai.
7From Judah, Nahshon son of Amminadab.
8From Issachar, Nethanel son of Zuar.
9From Zebulun, Eliab son of Helon.
10From the sons of Joseph: from Ephraim, Elishama son of Ammihud; from Manasseh, Gamaliel son of Pedahzur.
11From Benjamin, Abidan son of Gideoni.
12From Dan, Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai.
13From Asher, Pagiel son of Ochran.
14From Gad, Eliasaph son of Deuel.
15From Naphtali, Ahira son of Enan.
16Those are the elected of the assembly, the chieftains of their ancestral tribes: they are the heads of the contingents of Israel.
17So Moses and Aaron took those men, who were designated by name,
18and on the first day of the second month they convoked the whole community, who were registered by the clans of their ancestral houses—the names of those aged twenty years and over being listed head by head.
19As the LORD had commanded Moses, so he recorded them in the wilderness of Sinai.
20They totaled as follows:
21those enrolled from the tribe of Reuben: 46,500.
22Of the descendants of Simeon, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, their enrollment as listed by name, head by head, all males aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
23those enrolled from the tribe of Simeon: 59,300.
24Of the descendants of Gad, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
25those enrolled from the tribe of Gad: 45,650.
26Of the descendants of Judah, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
27those enrolled from the tribe of Judah: 74,600.
28Of the descendants of Issachar, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
29those enrolled from the tribe of Issachar: 54,400.
30Of the descendants of Zebulun, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
31those enrolled from the tribe of Zebulun: 57,400.
32Of the descendants of Joseph: Of the descendants of Ephraim, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
33those enrolled from the tribe of Ephraim: 40,500.
34Of the descendants of Manasseh, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
35those enrolled from the tribe of Manasseh: 32,200.
36Of the descendants of Benjamin, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
37those enrolled from the tribe of Benjamin: 35,400.
38Of the descendants of Dan, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
39those enrolled from the tribe of Dan: 62,700.
40Of the descendants of Asher, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
41those enrolled from the tribe of Asher: 41,500.
42[Of] the descendants of Naphtali, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house as listed by name, aged twenty years and over, all who were able to bear arms—
43those enrolled from the tribe of Naphtali: 53,400.
44Those are the enrollments recorded by Moses and Aaron and by the chieftains of Israel, who were twelve in number, one man to each ancestral house.
45All the Israelites, aged twenty years and over, enrolled by ancestral houses, all those in Israel who were able to bear arms—
46all who were enrolled came to 603,550.
47The Levites, however, were not recorded among them by their ancestral tribe
.
48For the LORD had spoken to Moses, saying:
49Do not on any account enroll the tribe of Levi or take a census of them with the Israelites
.
50You shall put the Levites in charge of the Tabernacle of the Pact, all its furnishings, and everything that pertains to it: they shall carry the Tabernacle and all its furnishings, and they shall tend it; and they shall camp around the Tabernacle.
51When the Tabernacle is to set out, the Levites shall take it down, and when the Tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up; any outsider who encroaches shall be put to death.
52The Israelites shall encamp troop by troop, each man with his division and each under his standard.
53The Levites, however, shall camp around the Tabernacle of the Pact, that wrath may not strike the Israelite community; the Levites shall stand guard around the Tabernacle of the Pact.
54The Israelites did accordingly; just as the LORD had commanded Moses, so they did..
Chapter 2
1The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
2The Israelites shall camp each with his standard, under the banners of their ancestral house; they shall camp around the Tent of Meeting at a distance.
3Camped on the front, or east side: the standard of the division of Judah, troop by troop. Chieftain of the Judites: Nahshon son of Amminadab.
4His troop, as enrolled: 74,600.
5Camping next to it: The tribe of Issachar. Chieftain of the Issacharites: Nethanel son of Zuar.
6His troop, as enrolled: 54,400.
7The tribe of Zebulun. Chieftain of the Zebulunites: Eliab son of Helon.
8His troop, as enrolled: 57,400.
9The total enrolled in the division of Judah: 186,400, for all troops. These shall march first.
10On the south: the standard of the division of Reuben, troop by troop.
11His troop, as enrolled: 46,500.
12Camping next to it: The tribe of Simeon. Chieftain of the Simeonites: Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai.
13His troop, as enrolled: 59,300.
14And the tribe of Gad. Chieftain of the Gadites: Eliasaph son of Reuel.
15His troop, as enrolled: 45,650.
16The total enrolled in the division of Reuben: 151,450, for all troops. These shall march second.
17Then, midway between the divisions, the Tent of Meeting, the division of the Levites, shall move. As they camp, so they shall march, each in position, by their standards.
18On the west: the standard of the division of Ephraim, troop by troop. Chieftain of the Ephraimites: Elishama son of Ammihud.
19His troop, as enrolled: 40,500.
20Next to it: The tribe of Manasseh. Chieftain of the Manassites: Gamaliel son of Pedahzur.
21His troop, as enrolled: 32,200.
22And the tribe of Benjamin. Chieftain of the Benjaminites: Abidan son of Gideoni.
23His troop, as enrolled: 35,400.
24The total enrolled in the division of Ephraim: 108,100 for all troops. These shall march third.
25On the north: the standard of the division of Dan, troop by troop. Chieftain of the Danites: Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai.
26His troop, as enrolled: 62,700.
27Camping next to it: The tribe of Asher. Chieftain of the Asherites: Pagiel son of Ochran.
28His troop, as enrolled: 41,500.
29And the tribe of Naphtali. Chieftain of the Naphtalites: Ahira son of Enan.
30His troop, as enrolled: 53,400.
31The total enrolled in the division of Dan: 157,600. These shall march last, by their standards.
32Those are the enrollments of the Israelites by ancestral houses. The total enrolled in the divisions, for all troops: 603,550.
33The Levites, however, were not recorded among the Israelites, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
34The Israelites did accordingly; just as the LORD had commanded Moses, so they camped by their standards, and so they marched, each with his clan according to his ancestral house.
Chapter 3
The Houses of Israel: The Lord Takes the Levites in Place of the First Born
1​​This is the line of Aaron and Moses at the time that the LORD spoke with Moses on Mount Sinai.
2These were the names of Aaron’s sons: Nadab, the first-born, and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar;
3those were the names of Aaron’s sons, the anointed priests who were ordained for priesthood.
4But Nadab and Abihu died by the will of the LORD, when they offered alien fire before the LORD in the wilderness of Sinai; and they left no sons. So it was Eleazar and Ithamar who served as priests in the lifetime of their father Aaron.
5The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
6Advance the tribe of Levi and place them in attendance upon Aaron the priest to serve him.
7They shall perform duties for him and for the whole community before the Tent of Meeting, doing the work of the Tabernacle.
8They shall take charge of all the furnishings of the Tent of Meeting—a duty on behalf of the Israelites—doing the work of the Tabernacle.
9You shall assign the Levites to Aaron and to his sons: they are formally assigned to him from among the Israelites.
10You shall make Aaron and his sons responsible for observing their priestly duties; and any outsider who encroaches shall be put to death.
11The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
12I hereby take the Levites from among the Israelites in place of all the first-born, the first issue of the womb among the Israelites: the Levites shall be Mine.
13For every first-born is Mine: at the time that I smote every first-born in the land of Egypt, I consecrated every first-born in Israel, man and beast, to Myself, to be Mine, the LORD’s.
14The LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying:
15Record the Levites by ancestral house and by clan; record every male among them from the age of one month up.
16So Moses recorded them at the command of the LORD, as he was bidden.
17These were the sons of Levi by name: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
18These were the names of the sons of Gershon by clan: Libni and Shimei.
19The sons of Kohath by clan: Amram and Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel.
20The sons of Merari by clan: Mahli and Mushi. These were the clans of the Levites within their ancestral houses:
21To Gershon belonged the clan of the Libnites and the clan of the Shimeites; those were the clans of the Gershonites.
22The recorded entries of all their males from the age of one month up, as recorded, came to 7,500.
23The clans of the Gershonites were to camp behind the Tabernacle, to the west.
24The chieftain of the ancestral house of the Gershonites was Eliasaph son of Lael.
25The duties of the Gershonites in the Tent of Meeting comprised: the tabernacle,b the tent, its covering, and the screen for the entrance of the Tent of Meeting;
26the hangings of the enclosure, the screen for the entrance of the enclosure which surrounds the Tabernacle, the cords thereof, and the altar—all the service connected with these.
27To Kohath belonged the clan of the Amramites, the clan of the Izharites, the clan of the Hebronites, and the clan of the Uzzielites; those were the clans of the Kohathites.
28All the listed males from the age of one month up came to 8,600, attending to the duties of the sanctuary.
29The clans of the Kohathites were to camp along the south side of the Tabernacle.
30The chieftain of the ancestral house of the Kohathite clans was Elizaphan son of Uzziel.
31Their duties comprised: the ark, the table, the lampstand, the altars, and the sacred utensils that were used with them, and the screen—all the service connected with these.
32The head chieftain of the Levites was Eleazar son of Aaron the priest, in charge of those attending to the duties of the sanctuary.
33To Merari belonged the clan of the Mahlites and the clan of the Mushites; those were the clans of Merari.
34The recorded entries of all their males from the age of one month up came to 6,200.
35The chieftain of the ancestral house of the clans of Merari was Zuriel son of Abihail. They were to camp along the north side of the Tabernacle.
36The assigned duties of the Merarites comprised: the planks of the Tabernacle, its bars, posts, and sockets, and all its furnishings—all the service connected with these;
37also the posts around the enclosure and their sockets, pegs, and cords.
38Those who were to camp before the Tabernacle, in front—before the Tent of Meeting, on the east—were Moses and Aaron and his sons, attending to the duties of the sanctuary, as a duty on behalf of the Israelites; and any outsider who encroached was to be put to death.
39All the Levites who were recorded, whom at the LORD’s command Moses and Aaron recorded by their clans, all the males from the age of one month up, came to 22,000.
40The LORD said to Moses: Record every first-born male of the Israelite people from the age of one month up, and make a list of their names;
41and take the Levites for Me, the LORD, in place of every first-born among the Israelite people, and the cattle of the Levites in place of every first-born among the cattle of the Israelites.
42So Moses recorded all the first-born among the Israelites, as the LORD had commanded him.
43All the first-born males as listed by name, recorded from the age of one month up, came to 22,273.
44The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
45Take the Levites in place of all the first-born among the Israelite people, and the cattle of the Levites in place of their cattle; and the Levites shall be Mine, the LORD’s.
46And as the redemption price of the 273 Israelite first-born over and above the number of the Levites,
47take five shekels per head—take this by the sanctuary weight, twenty gerahs to the shekel—
48and give the money to Aaron and his sons as the redemption price for those who are in excess.
49So Moses took the redemption money from those over and above the ones redeemed by the Levites;
50he took the money from the first-born of the Israelites, 1,365 sanctuary shekels.
51And Moses gave the redemption money to Aaron and his sons at the LORD’s bidding, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Chapter 4
1The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
2Take a [separate] census of the Kohathites among the Levites, by the clans of their ancestral house,
3from the age of thirty years up to the age of fifty, all who are subject to service, to perform tasks for the Tent of Meeting.
4This is the responsibility of the Kohathites in the Tent of Meeting: the most sacred objects.
5At the breaking of camp, Aaron and his sons shall go in and take down the screening curtain and cover the Ark of the Pact with it.
6They shall lay a covering of dolphin skin over it and spread a cloth of pure blue on top; and they shall put its poles in place.
7Over the table of display they shall spread a blue cloth; they shall place upon it the bowls, the ladles, the jars, and the libation jugs; and the regular bread shall rest upon it.
8They shall spread over these a crimson cloth which they shall cover with a covering of dolphin skin; and they shall put the poles in place.
9Then they shall take a blue cloth and cover the lampstand for lighting, with its lamps, its tongs, and its fire pans, as well as all the oil vessels that are used in its service.
10They shall put it and all its furnishings into a covering of dolphin skin, which they shall then place on a carrying frame.
11Next they shall spread a blue cloth over the altar of gold and cover it with a covering of dolphin skin; and they shall put its poles in place.
12They shall take all the service vessels with which the service in the sanctuary is performed, put them into a blue cloth and cover them with a covering of dolphin skin, which they shall then place on a carrying frame.
13They shall remove the ashes from the [copper] altar and spread a purple cloth over it.
14Upon it they shall place all the vessels that are used in its service: the fire pans, the flesh hooks, the scrapers, and the basins—all the vessels of the altar—and over it they shall spread a covering of dolphin skin; and they shall put its poles in place.
15When Aaron and his sons have finished covering the sacred objects and all the furnishings of the sacred objects at the breaking of camp, only then shall the Kohathites come and lift them, so that they do not come in contact with the sacred objects and die
. These things in the Tent of Meeting shall be the porterage of the Kohathites.
16Responsibility shall rest with Eleazar son of Aaron the priest for the lighting oil, the aromatic incense, the regular meal offering, and the anointing oil—responsibility for the whole Tabernacle and for everything consecrated that is in it or in its vessels.
17The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
18Do not let the group of Kohathite clans be cut off from the Levites.
19Do this with them, that they may live and not die when they approach the most sacred objects: let Aaron and his sons go in and assign each of them to his duties and to his porterage.
20But let not [the Kohathites] go inside and witness the dismantling of the sanctuary, lest they die.
21The LORD spoke to Moses:
22Take a census of the Gershonites also, by their ancestral house and by their clans.
23Record them from the age of thirty years up to the age of fifty, all who are subject to service in the performance of tasks for the Tent of Meeting.
24These are the duties of the Gershonite clans as to labor and porterage:
25they shall carry the cloths of the Tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting with its covering, the covering of dolphin skin that is on top of it, and the screen for the entrance of the Tent of Meeting;
26the hangings of the enclosure, the screen at the entrance of the gate of the enclosure that surrounds the Tabernacle, the cords thereof, and the altar, and all their service equipment and all their accessories; and they shall perform the service.
27All the duties of the Gershonites, all their porterage and all their service, shall be performed on orders from Aaron and his sons; you shall make them responsible for attending to all their porterage.
28Those are the duties of the Gershonite clans for the Tent of Meeting; they shall attend to them under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron the priest.
29As for the Merarites, you shall record them by the clans of their ancestral house;
30you shall record them from the age of thirty years up to the age of fifty, all who are subject to service in the performance of the duties for the Tent of Meeting.
31These are their porterage tasks in connection with their various duties for the Tent of Meeting: the planks, the bars, the posts, and the sockets of the Tabernacle;
32the posts around the enclosure and their sockets, pegs, and cords—all these furnishings and their service: you shall list by name the objects that are their porterage tasks.
33Those are the duties of the Merarite clans, pertaining to their various duties in the Tent of Meeting under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron the priest.
34So Moses, Aaron, and the chieftains of the community recorded the Kohathites by the clans of their ancestral house,
35from the age of thirty years up to the age of fifty, all who were subject to service for work relating to the Tent of Meeting.
36Those recorded by their clans came to 2,750.
37That was the enrollment of the Kohathite clans, all those who performed duties relating to the Tent of Meeting, whom Moses and Aaron recorded at the command of the LORD through Moses.
38The Gershonites who were recorded by the clans of their ancestral house,
39from the age of thirty years up to the age of fifty, all who were subject to service for work relating to the Tent of Meeting—
40those recorded by the clans of their ancestral house came to 2,630.
41That was the enrollment of the Gershonite clans, all those performing duties relating to the Tent of Meeting whom Moses and Aaron recorded at the command of the LORD.
42The enrollment of the Merarite clans by the clans of their ancestral house,
43from the age of thirty years up to the age of fifty, all who were subject to service for work relating to the Tent of Meeting—
44those recorded by their clans came to 3,200.
45That was the enrollment of the Merarite clans which Moses and Aaron recorded at the command of the LORD through Moses.
46All the Levites whom Moses, Aaron, and the chieftains of Israel recorded by the clans of their ancestral houses,
47from the age of thirty years up to the age of fifty, all who were subject to duties of service and porterage relating to the Tent of Meeting—
48those recorded came to 8,580.
49Each one was given responsibility for his service and porterage at the command of the LORD through Moses, and each was recorded as the LORD had commanded Moses.
Chapter 5
The Houses of Israel: Protective Rituals
1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2Instruct the Israelites to remove from camp anyone with an eruption or a discharge and anyone defiled by a corpse.
3Remove male and female alike; put them outside the camp so that they do not defile the camp of those in whose midst I dwell.
4The Israelites did so, putting them outside the camp; as the LORD had spoken to Moses, so the Israelites did.
5The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
6Speak to the Israelites: When a man or woman commits any wrong toward a fellow man, thus breaking faith with the LORD, and that person realizes his guilt,
7he shall confess the wrong that he has done. He shall make restitution in the principal amount and add one-fifth to it, giving it to him whom he has wronged.
8If the man has no kinsman to whom restitution can be made, the amount repaid shall go to the LORD for the priest—in addition to the ram of expiation with which expiation is made on his behalf.
9So, too, any gift among the sacred donations that the Israelites offer shall be the priest’s.
10And each shall retain his sacred donations: each priest shall keep what is given to him.
11The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
12Speak to the Israelite people and say to them: If any man’s wife has gone astray and broken faith with him
13in that a man has had carnal relations with her unbeknown to her husband, and she keeps secret the fact that she has defiled herself without being forced, and there is no witness against her—
14but a fit of jealousy comes over him and he is wrought up about the wife who has defiled herself; or if a fit of jealousy comes over one and he is wrought up about his wife although she has not defiled herself—
15the man shall bring his wife to the priest. And he shall bring as an offering for her one-tenth of an ephah of barley flour. No oil shall be poured upon it and no frankincense shall be laid on it, for it is a meal offering of jealousy, a meal offering of remembrance which recalls wrongdoing.
16The priest shall bring her forward and have her stand before the LORD.
17The priest shall take sacral water in an earthen vessel and, taking some of the earth that is on the floor of the Tabernacle, the priest shall put it into the water.
18After he has made the woman stand before the LORD, the priest shall bare the woman’s head and place upon her hands the meal offering of remembrance, which is a meal offering of jealousy. And in the priest’s hands shall be the water of bitterness that induces the spell.
19The priest shall adjure the woman, saying to her, “If no man has lain with you, if you have not gone astray in defilement while married to your husband, be immune to harm from this water of bitterness that induces the spell.
20But if you have gone astray while married to your husband and have defiled yourself, if a man other than your husband has had carnal relations with you”—
21here the priest shall administer the curse of adjuration to the woman, as the priest goes on to say to the woman—“may the LORD make you a curse and an imprecation among your people, as the LORD causes your thigh to sag and your belly to distend;
22may this water that induces the spell enter your body, causing the belly to distend and the thigh to sag.” And the woman shall say, “Amen, amen!”
23The priest shall put these curses down in writing and rub it off into the water of bitterness.
24He is to make the woman drink the water of bitterness that induces the spell, so that the spell-inducing water may enter into her to bring on bitterness.
25Then the priest shall take from the woman’s hand the meal offering of jealousy, elevate the meal offering before the LORD, and present it on the altar.
26The priest shall scoop out of the meal offering a token part of it and turn it into smoke on the altar. Last, he shall make the woman drink the water.
27Once he has made her drink the water—if she has defiled herself by breaking faith with her husband, the spell-inducing water shall enter into her to bring on bitterness, so that her belly shall distend and her thigh shall sag; and the woman shall become a curse among her people.
28But if the woman has not defiled herself and is pure, she shall be unharmed and able to retain seed.
29This is the ritual in cases of jealousy, when a woman goes astray while married to her husband and defiles herself,
30or when a fit of jealousy comes over a man and he is wrought up over his wife: the woman shall be made to stand before the LORD and the priest shall carry out all this ritual with her.
31The man shall be clear of guilt; but that woman shall suffer for her guilt.
Chapter 6
1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2Speak to the Israelites and say to them: If anyone, man or woman, explicitly utters a nazirite’s vow, to set himself apart for the LORD,
3he shall abstain from wine and any other intoxicant; he shall not drink vinegar of wine or of any other intoxicant, neither shall he drink anything in which grapes have been steeped, nor eat grapes fresh or dried.
4Throughout his term as nazirite, he may not eat anything that is obtained from the grapevine, even seeds or skin.
5Throughout the term of his vow as nazirite, no razor shall touch his head; it shall remain consecrated until the completion of his term as nazirite of the LORD, the hair of his head being left to grow untrimmed.
6Throughout the term that he has set apart for the LORD, he shall not go in where there is a dead person.
7Even if his father or mother, or his brother or sister should die, he must not defile himself for them, since chair set apart for his God is upon his head:
8throughout his term as nazirite he is consecrated to the LORD.
9If a person dies suddenly near him, defiling his consecrated hair, he shall shave his head on the day he becomes clean; he shall shave it on the seventh day.
10On the eighth day he shall bring two turtledoves or two pigeons to the priest, at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
11The priest shall offer one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, and make expiation on his behalf for the guilt that he incurred through the corpse. That same day he shall reconsecrate his head
12and rededicate to the LORD his term as nazirite; and he shall bring a lamb in its first year as a penalty offering. The previous period shall be void, since his consecrated hair was defiled.
13This is the ritual for the nazirite: On the day that his term as nazirite is completed, hee shall be brought to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
14As his offering to the LORD he shall present: one male lamb in its first year, without blemish, for a burnt offering; one ewe lamb in its first year, without blemish, for a sin offering; one ram without blemish for an offering of well-being;
15a basket of unleavened cakes of choice flour with oil mixed in, and unleavened wafers spread with oil; and the proper meal offerings and libations.
16The priest shall present them before the LORD and offer the sin offering and the burnt offering.
17He shall offer the ram as a sacrifice of well-being to the LORD, together with the basket of unleavened cakes; the priest shall also offer the meal offerings and the libations.
18The nazirite shall then shave his consecrated hair, at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, and take the locks of his consecrated hair and put them on the fire that is under the sacrifice of well-being.
19The priest shall take the shoulder of the ram when it has been boiled, one unleavened cake from the basket, and one unleavened wafer, and place them on the hands of the nazirite after he has shaved his consecrated hair.
20The priest shall elevate them as an elevation offering before the LORD; and this shall be a sacred donation for the priest, in addition to the breast of the elevation offering and the thigh of gift offering. After that the nazirite may drink wine.
21Such is the obligation of a nazirite; except that he who vows an offering to the LORD of what he can afford, must do exactly according to the vow that he has made beyond his obligation as a nazirite.
22The LORD spoke to Moses:
23Speak to Aaron and his sons: Thus shall you bless the people of Israel. Say to them:
24The LORD bless you and protect you!
25The LORD deal kindly and graciously with you!
26The LORD bestow His favor upon you and grant you peace!
27Thus they shall link My name with the people of Israel, and I will bless them.
.
Chapter 7
Activating the Tabernacle
1On the day that Moses finished setting up the Tabernacle, he anointed and consecrated it and all its furnishings, as well as the altar and its utensils. When he had anointed and consecrated them,
2the chieftains of Israel, the heads of ancestral houses, namely, the chieftains of the tribes, those who were in charge of enrollment, drew near
3and brought their offering before the LORD: six draught carts and twelve oxen, a cart for every two chieftains and an ox for each one.
4the LORD said to Moses:
5Accept these from them for use in the service of the Tent of Meeting, and give them to the Levites according to their respective services.
6Moses took the carts and the oxen and gave them to the Levites.
7Two carts and four oxen he gave to the Gershonites, as required for their service,
8and four carts and eight oxen he gave to the Merarites, as required for their service—under the direction of Ithamar son of Aaron the priest.
9But to the Kohathites he did not give any; since theirs was the service of the [most] sacred objects, their porterage was by shoulder.
10The chieftains also brought the dedication offering for the altar upon its being anointed. As the chieftains were presenting their offerings before the altar,
11the LORD said to Moses: Let them present their offerings for the dedication of the altar, one chieftain each day.
12The one who presented his offering on the first day was Nahshon son of Amminadab of the tribe of Judah.
13His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
14one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
15one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
16one goat for a sin offering;
17and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Nahshon son of Amminadab.
18On the second day, Nethanel son of Zuar, chieftain of Issachar, made his offering.
19He presented as his offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
20one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
21one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
22one goat for a sin offering;
23and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Nethanel son of Zuar.
24On the third day, it was the chieftain of the Zebulunites, Eliab son of Helon.
25His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
26one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
27one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
28one goat for a sin offering;
29and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Eliab son of Helon.
30On the fourth day, it was the chieftain of the Reubenites, Elizur son of Shedeur.
31His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
32one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
33one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
34one goat for a sin offering;
35and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Elizur son of Shedeur.
36On the fifth day, it was the chieftain of the Simeonites, Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai.
37His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
38one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
39one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
40one goat for a sin offering;
41and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai.
42On the sixth day, it was the chieftain of the Gadites, Eliasaph son of Deuel.
43His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
44one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
45one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
46one goat for a sin offering;
47and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Eliasaph son of Deuel.
48On the seventh day, it was the chieftain of the Ephraimites, Elishama son of Ammihud.
49His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
50one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
51one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
52one goat for a sin offering;
53and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Elishama son of Ammihud.
54On the eighth day, it was the chieftain of the Manassites, Gamaliel son of Pedahzur.
55His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
56one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
57one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
58one goat for a sin offering;
59and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Gamaliel son of Pedahzur.
60On the ninth day, it was the chieftain of the Benjaminites, Abidan son of Gideoni.
61His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
62one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
63one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
64one goat for a sin offering;
65and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Abidan son of Gideoni.
66On the tenth day, it was the chieftain of the Danites, Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai.
67His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
68one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
69one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
70one goat for a sin offering;
71and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai.
72On the eleventh day, it was the chieftain of the Asherites, Pagiel son of Ochran.
73His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
74one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
75one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
77and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Pagiel son of Ochran.
78On the twelfth day, it was the chieftain of the Naphtalites, Ahira son of Enan.
79His offering: one silver bowl weighing 130 shekels and one silver basin of 70 shekels by the sanctuary weight, both filled with choice flour with oil mixed in, for a meal offering;
80one gold ladle of 10 shekels, filled with incense;
81one bull of the herd, one ram, and one lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering;
82one goat for a sin offering;
83and for his sacrifice of well-being: two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five yearling lambs. That was the offering of Ahira son of Enan.
84This was the dedication offering for the altar from the chieftains of Israel upon its being anointed: silver bowls, 12; silver basins, 12; gold ladles, 12.
85Silver per bowl, 130; per basin, 70. Total silver of vessels, 2,400 sanctuary shekels.
86The 12 gold ladles filled with incense—10 sanctuary shekels per ladle—total gold of the ladles, 120.
87Total of herd animals for burnt offerings, 12 bulls; of rams, 12; of yearling lambs, 12—with their proper meal offerings; of goats for sin offerings, 12.
88Total of herd animals for sacrifices of well-being, 24 bulls; of rams, 60; of he-goats, 60; of yearling lambs, 60. That was the dedication offering for the altar after its anointing.
89When Moses went into the Tent of Meeting to speak with Him, he would hear the Voice addressing him from above the cover that was on top of the Ark of the Pact between the two cherubim; thus He spoke to him.
Chapter 8
1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2Speak to Aaron and say to him, “When you mount the lamps, let the seven lamps give light at the front of the lampstand.”
3Aaron did so; he mounted the lamps at the front of the lampstand, as the LORD had commanded Moses.
4Now this is how the lampstand was made: it was hammered work of gold, hammered from base to petal. According to the pattern that the LORD had shown Moses, so was the lampstand made.
5The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
6Take the Levites from among the Israelites and cleanse them.
7This is what you shall do to them to cleanse them: sprinkle on them water of purification, and let them go over their whole body with a razor, and wash their clothes; thus they shall be cleansed.
8Let them take a bull of the herd, and with it a meal offering of choice flour with oil mixed in, and you take a second bull of the herd for a sin offering.
9You shall bring the Levites forward before the Tent of Meeting. Assemble the whole Israelite community,
10and bring the Levites forward before the LORD. Let the Israelites lay their hands upon the Levites,
11and let Aaron designate the Levites before the LORD as an elevation offering from the Israelites, that they may perform the service of the LORD.
12The Levites shall now lay their hands upon the heads of the bulls; one shall be offered to the LORD as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, to make expiation for the Levites.
13You shall place the Levites in attendance upon Aaron and his sons, and designate them as an elevation offering to the LORD.
14Thus you shall set the Levites apart from the Israelites, and the Levites shall be Mine.
15Thereafter the Levites shall be qualified for the service of the Tent of Meeting, once you have cleansed them and designated them as an elevation offering.
16For they are formally assigned to Me from among the Israelites: I have taken them for Myself in place of all the first issue of the womb, of all the first-born of the Israelites.
17For every first-born among the Israelites, man as well as beast, is Mine; I consecrated them to Myself at the time that I smote every first-born in the land of Egypt.
18Now I take the Levites instead of every first-born of the Israelites;
19and from among the Israelites I formally assign the Levites to Aaron and his sons, to perform the service for the Israelites in the Tent of Meeting and to make expiation for the Israelites, so that no plague may afflict the Israelites for coming too near the sanctuary.
20Moses, Aaron, and the whole Israelite community did with the Levites accordingly; just as the LORD had commanded Moses in regard to the Levites, so the Israelites did with them.
21The Levites purified themselves and washed their clothes; and Aaron designated them as an elevation offering before the LORD, and Aaron made expiation for them to cleanse them.
22Thereafter the Levites were qualified to perform their service in the Tent of Meeting, under Aaron and his sons. As the LORD had commanded Moses in regard to the Levites, so they did to them.
23The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
24This is the rule for the Levites. From twenty-five years of age up they shall participate in the work force in the service of the Tent of Meeting;
25but at the age of fifty they shall retire from the work force and shall serve no more.
26They may assist their brother Levites at the Tent of Meeting by standing guard, but they shall perform no labor. Thus you shall deal with the Levites in regard to their duties.
Chapter 9
15On the day that the Tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered the Tabernacle, the Tent of the Pact; and in the evening it rested over the Tabernacle in the likeness of fire until morning.
16It was always so: the cloud covered it, appearing as fire by night.
17And whenever the cloud lifted from the Tent, the Israelites would set out accordingly; and at the spot where the cloud settled, there the Israelites would make camp.
18At a command of the LORD the Israelites broke camp, and at a command of the LORD they made camp: they remained encamped as long as the cloud stayed over the Tabernacle.
19When the cloud lingered over the Tabernacle many days, the Israelites observed the LORD’s mandate and did not journey on.
20At such times as the cloud rested over the Tabernacle for but a few days, they remained encamped at a command of the LORD, and broke camp at a command of the LORD.
21And at such times as the cloud stayed from evening until morning, they broke camp as soon as the cloud lifted in the morning. Day or night, whenever the cloud lifted, they would break camp.
22Whether it was two days or a month or a year—however long the cloud lingered over the Tabernacle—the Israelites remained encamped and did not set out; only when it lifted did they break camp.
23On a sign from the LORD they made camp and on a sign from the LORD they broke camp; they observed the LORD’s mandate at the LORD’s bidding through Moses.
Chapter 10
1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2Have two silver trumpets made; make them of hammered work. They shall serve you to summon the community and to set the divisions in motion.
3When both are blown in long blasts, the whole community shall assemble before you at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting;
4and if only one is blown, the chieftains, heads of Israel’s contingents, shall assemble before you.
5But when you sound short blasts, the divisions encamped on the east shall move forward;
6and when you sound short blasts a second time, those encamped on the south shall move forward. Thus short blasts shall be blown for setting them in motion,
7while to convoke the congregation you shall blow long blasts, not short ones.
8The trumpets shall be blown by Aaron’s sons, the priests; they shall be for you an institution for all time throughout the ages.
9When you are at war-a in your land against an aggressor who attacks you, you shall sound short blasts on the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the LORD your God and be delivered from your enemies.
10And on your joyous occasions—your fixed festivals and new moon days—you shall sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and your sacrifices of well-being. They shall be a reminder of you before your God: I, the LORD, am your God.
11In the second year, on the twentieth day of the second month, the cloud lifted from the Tabernacle of the Pact
12and the Israelites set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai. The cloud came to rest in the wilderness of Paran.
13When the march was to begin, at the LORD’s command through Moses,
14the first standard to set out, troop by troop, was the division of Judah. In command of its troops was Nahshon son of Amminadab;
15in command of the tribal troop of Issachar, Nethanel son of Zuar;
16and in command of the tribal troop of Zebulun, Eliab son of Helon.
17Then the Tabernacle would be taken apart; and the Gershonites and the Merarites, who carried the Tabernacle, would set out.
18The next standard to set out, troop by troop, was the division of Reuben. In command of its troop was Elizur son of Shedeur;
19in command of the tribal troop of Simeon, Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai;
20and in command of the tribal troop of Gad, Eliasaph son of Deuel.
21Then the Kohathites, who carried the sacred objects, would set out; and by the time they arrived, the Tabernacle would be set up again.
22The next standard to set out, troop by troop, was the division of Ephraim. In command of its troop was Elishama son of Ammihud;
23in command of the tribal troop of Manasseh, Gamaliel son of Pedahzur;
24and in command of the tribal troop of Benjamin, Abidan son of Gideoni.
25Then, as the rear guard of all the divisions, the standard of the division of Dan would set out, troop by troop. In command of its troop was Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai;
26in command of the tribal troop of Asher, Pagiel son of Ochran;
27and in command of the tribal troop of Naphtali, Ahira son of Enan.
28Such was the order of march of the Israelites, as they marched troop by troop.
34and the LORD’s cloud kept above them by day, as they moved on from camp.
Chapter 13
The Torch Passes to Israel: The Israelites Lose their Nerve
1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2“Send men to scout the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelite people; send one man from each of their ancestral tribes, each one a chieftain among them.”
3So Moses, by the LORD’s command, sent them out from the wilderness of Paran, all the men being leaders of the Israelites.
4And these were their names: From the tribe of Reuben, Shammua son of Zaccur.
5From the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat son of Hori.
6From the tribe of Judah, Caleb son of Jephunneh.
7From the tribe of Issachar, Igal son of Joseph.
8From the tribe of Ephraim, Hoseaa son of Nun.
9From the tribe of Benjamin, Palti son of Rafu.
10From the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel son of Sodi.
11From the tribe of Joseph, namely, the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi son of Susi.
12From the tribe of Dan, Ammiel son of Gemalli.
13From the tribe of Asher, Sethur son of Michael.
14From the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi son of Vophsi.
15From the tribe of Gad, Geuel son of Machi.
16Those were the names of the men whom Moses sent to scout the land; but Moses changed the name of Hoseaa son of Nun to Joshua.
17aWhen Moses sent them to scout the land of Canaan,
21they went up and scouted the land, from the wilderness of Zin to Rehob, at Lebo-hamath.
25At the end of forty days they returned from scouting the land.
26aThey went straight to Moses and Aaron and the whole Israelite community at Kadesh in the wilderness of Paran.
32They spread calumnies among the Israelites about the land they had scouted, saying, “The country that we traversed and scouted is one that devours its settlers. All the people that we saw in it are men of great size.
Chapter 14
1aThe whole community broke into loud cries
2All the Israelites railed against Moses and Aaron. “If only we had died in the land of Egypt,” the whole community shouted at them, “or if only we might die in this wilderness!
5Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembled congregation of the Israelites.
6And Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh, of those who had scouted the land, rent their clothes
7and exhorted the whole Israelite community: “The land that we traversed and scouted is an exceedingly good land.
9aonly you must not rebel against the LORD.
10As the whole community threatened to pelt them with stones, the Presence of the LORD appeared in the Tent of Meeting to all the Israelites.
26The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron,
27“How much longer shall that wicked community keep muttering against Me? Very well, I have heeded the incessant muttering of the Israelites against Me.
28Say to them: ‘As I live,’ says the LORD, ‘I will do to you just as you have urged Me.
29In this very wilderness shall your carcasses drop. Of all of you who were recorded in your various lists from the age of twenty years up, you who have muttered against Me,
30not one shall enter the land in which I swore to settle you—save Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.
31Your children who, you said, would be carried off—these will I allow to enter; they shall know the land that you have rejected. But your carcasses shall drop in this wilderness,
33while your children roam the wilderness for forty years, suffering for your faithlessness, until the last of your carcasses is down in the wilderness.
34You shall bear your punishment for forty years, corresponding to the number of days—forty days—that you scouted the land: a year for each day. Thus you shall know what it means to thwart Me.
35I the LORD have spoken: Thus will I do to all that wicked band that has banded together against Me: in this very wilderness they shall die to the last man.’”
37those who spread such calumnies about the land died of plague, by the will of the LORD.
38Of those men who had gone to scout the land, only Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh survived.
39When Moses repeated these words to all the Israelites, the people were overcome by grief.
Chapter 16
1aNow Korah, son of Izhar son of Kohath son of Levi, took
2btwo hundred and fifty Israelites,
chieftains of the community, chosen in the assembly, men of repute,
3and combined against Moses and Aaron, saying to them, “You have gone too far! For all the community are holy, all of them, and the LORD is in their midst. Why then do you raise yourselves above the LORD’s congregation?”
4When Moses heard this, he fell on his face.
5Then he spoke to Korah and all his company, saying, “Come morning, the LORD will make known who is His and who is holy, and will grant him access to Himself; He will grant access to the one He has chosen.
6Do this: You, Korah and all your band, take fire pans,
7and tomorrow put fire in them and lay incense on them before the LORD. Then the man whom the LORD chooses, he shall be the holy one. You have gone too far, sons of Levi!”
8Moses said further to Korah, “Hear me, sons of Levi.
9Is it not enough for you that the God of Israel has set you apart from the community of Israel and given you access to Him, to perform the duties of the LORD’s Tabernacle and to minister to the community and serve them?
10Now that He has advanced you and all your fellow Levites with you, do you seek the priesthood too?
11Truly, it is against the LORD that you and all your company have banded together. For who is Aaron that you should rail against him?”
16And Moses said to Korah, “Tomorrow, you and all your company appear before the LORD, you and they and Aaron.
17Each of you take his fire pan and lay incense on it, and each of you bring his fire pan before the LORD, two hundred and fifty fire pans; you and Aaron also [bring] your fire pans.”
18Each of them took his fire pan, put fire in it, laid incense on it, and took his place at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, as did Moses and Aaron.
19Korah gathered the whole community against them at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting. Then the Presence of the LORD appeared to the whole community,
20and the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying,
21“Stand back from this community that I may annihilate them in an instant!”
22But they fell on their faces and said, “O God, Source of the breath of all flesh! When one man sins, will You be wrathful with the whole community?”
23The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
24a“Speak to the community and say: Withdraw from around the Tabernacle.”
27So they withdrew from around the Tabernacle,
35and fire came out from the Lord and consumed the two hundred and fifty men offering the incense.
Chapter 17
1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2Order Eleazar son of Aaron the priest to remove the fire pans—for they have become sacred—from among the charred remains; and scatter the coals abroad.
3[Remove] the fire pans of those who have sinned at the cost of their lives, and let them be made into hammered sheets as plating for the altar—for once they have been used for offering to the LORD, they have become sacred—and let them serve as a warning to the people of Israel.
4Eleazar the priest took the copper fire pans which had been used for offering by those who died in the fire; and they were hammered into plating for the altar,
5as the LORD had ordered him through Moses. It was to be a reminder to the Israelites, so that no outsider—one not of Aaron’s offspring—should presume to offer incense before the LORD and suffer the fate of Korah and his band.
6Next day the whole Israelite community railed against Moses and Aaron, saying, “You two have brought death upon the LORD’s people!”
7But as the community gathered against them, Moses and Aaron turned toward the Tent of Meeting; the cloud had covered it and the Presence of the LORD appeared.
8When Moses and Aaron reached the Tent of Meeting,
9the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
10“Remove yourselves from this community, that I may annihilate them in an instant.” They fell on their faces.
11Then Moses said to Aaron, “Take the fire pan, and put on it fire from the altar. Add incense and take it quickly to the community and make expiation for them. For wrath has gone forth from the LORD: the plague has begun!”
12Aaron took it, as Moses had ordered, and ran to the midst of the congregation, where the plague had begun among the people. He put on the incense and made expiation for the people;
13he stood between the dead and the living until the plague was checked.
14Those who died of the plague came to fourteen thousand and seven hundred, aside from those who died on account of Korah.
15Aaron then returned to Moses at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, since the plague was checked.
16The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
17Speak to the Israelite people and take from them—from the chieftains of their ancestral houses—one staff for each chieftain of an ancestral house: twelve staffs in all. Inscribe each man’s name on his staff,
18there being one staff for each head of an ancestral house; also inscribe Aaron’s name on the staff of Levi.
19Deposit them in the Tent of Meeting before the Pact, where I meet with you.
20The staff of the man whom I choose shall sprout, and I will rid Myself of the incessant mutterings of the Israelites against you.
21Moses spoke thus to the Israelites. Their chieftains gave him a staff for each chieftain of an ancestral house, twelve staffs in all; among these staffs was that of Aaron.
22Moses deposited the staffs before the LORD, in the Tent of the Pact.
23The next day Moses entered the Tent of the Pact, and there the staff of Aaron of the house of Levi had sprouted: it had brought forth sprouts, produced blossoms, and borne almonds.
24Moses then brought out all the staffs from before the LORD to all the Israelites; each identified and recovered his staff.
25The LORD said to Moses, “Put Aaron’s staff back before the Pact, to be kept as a lesson to rebels, so that their mutterings against Me may cease, lest they die.”
26This Moses did; just as the LORD had commanded him, so he did.
27But the Israelites said to Moses, “Lo, we perish! We are lost, all of us lost!
28Everyone who so much as ventures near the LORD’s Tabernacle must die. Alas, we are doomed to perish!”
Chapter 19
1The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:
2b
Instruct the Israelite people to bring you a red cow without blemish, in which there is no defect and on which no yoke has been laid.
3You shall give it to Eleazar the priest. It shall be taken outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence.
4Eleazar the priest shall take some of its blood with his finger and sprinkle it seven times toward the front of the Tent of Meeting.
5The cow shall be burned in his sight—its hide, flesh, and blood shall be burned, its dung included—
6and the priest shall take cedar wood, hyssop, and crimson stuff, and throw them into the fire consuming the cow.
7The priest shall wash his garments and bathe his body in water; after that the priest may reenter the camp, but he shall be unclean until evening.
8He who performed the burning shall also wash his garments in water, bathe his body in water, and be unclean until evening.
9A man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the cow and deposit them outside the camp in a clean place, to be kept for water of lustration for the Israelite community. It is for cleansing.
10aHe who gathers up the ashes of the cow shall also wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.
14bWhen a person dies in a tent, whoever enters the tent and whoever is in the tent shall be unclean seven days;
15and every open vessel, with no lid fastened down, shall be unclean.
16And in the open, anyone who touches a person who was killed or who died naturally, or human bone, or a grave, shall be unclean seven days.
17Some of the ashes from the fire of cleansing shall be taken for the unclean person, and fresh water shall be added to them in a vessel.
18A person who is clean shall take hyssop, dip it in the water, and sprinkle on the tent and on all the vessels and people who were there, or on him who touched the bones or the person who was killed or died naturally or the grave.
19The clean person shall sprinkle it upon the unclean person on the third day and on the seventh day, thus cleansing him by the seventh day. He shall then wash his clothes and bathe in water, and at nightfall he shall be clean.
22Whatever that unclean person touches shall be unclean; and the person who touches him shall be unclean until evening.
Chapter 20
The Torch Passes to Israel: The Deaths of Aaron and Moses
1aThe Israelites arrived in a body at the wilderness of Zin on the first new moon.
2The community was without water, and they joined against Moses and Aaron.
4Why have you brought the LORD’s congregation into this wilderness for us and our beasts to die there?
6Moses and Aaron came away from the congregation to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, and fell on their faces. The Presence of the LORD appeared to them,
7and the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
8ac“You and your brother Aaron take the rod and assemble the community, Thus you shall produce water for them from the rock and provide drink for the congregation and their beasts.”
9Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as He had commanded him.
10Moses and Aaron assembled the congregation in front of the rock; and he said to them, “Listen, you rebels, shall we get water for you out of this rock?”
11And Moses raised his hand and struck the rock twice with his rod. Out came copious water, and the community and their beasts drank.
12But the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not trust Me enough to affirm My sanctity in the sight of the Israelite people, therefore you shall not lead this congregation into the land that I have given them.”
13Those are the Waters of Meribah—meaning that the Israelites quarrelled with the LORD—through which He affirmed His sanctity.
22bThe Israelites then arrived in a body at Mount Hor.
23At Mount Hor, on the boundary of the land of Edom, the LORD said to Moses and Aaron,
24“Let Aaron be gathered to his kin: he is not to enter the land that I have assigned to the Israelite people, because you disobeyed my command about the Waters of Meribah.
25Take Aaron and his son Eleazar and bring them up on Mount Hor.
26Strip Aaron of his vestments and put them on his son Eleazar. There Aaron shall be gathered unto the dead.”
27Moses did as the LORD had commanded. They ascended Mount Hor in the sight of the whole community.
28Moses stripped Aaron of his vestments and put them on his son Eleazar, and Aaron died there on the summit of the mountain. When Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain,
29the whole community knew that Aaron had breathed his last. All the house of Israel bewailed Aaron thirty days.
Chapter 25
6But then one of the Israelites came and brought a Midianite woman over to his kin, in the sight of Moses and of the whole Israelite community who were weeping at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
7When Phinehas, son of Eleazar son of Aaron the priest, saw this, he left the assembly and, taking a spear in his hand,
8he followed the Israelite into the chamber and stabbed both of them, the Israelite and the woman, through the belly. Then the plague against the Israelites was checked.
9Those who died of the plague numbered twenty-four thousand.
10The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
11“Phinehas, son of Eleazar son of Aaron the priest, has turned back My wrath from the Israelites by displaying among them his passion for Me, so that I did not wipe out the Israelite people in My passion.
12Say, therefore, ‘I grant him My pact of friendship.
13It shall be for him and his descendants after him a pact of priesthood for all time, because he took impassioned action for his God, thus making expiation for the Israelites.’”
14The name of the Israelite who was killed, the one who was killed with the Midianite woman, was Zimri son of Salu, chieftain of a Simeonite ancestral house.
15The name of the Midianite woman who was killed was Cozbi daughter of Zur; he was the tribal head of an ancestral house in Midian.
Chapter 26
19When the plague was over,
1the LORD said to Moses and to Eleazar son of Aaron the priest,
2“Take a census of the whole Israelite community from the age of twenty years up, by their ancestral houses, all Israelites able to bear arms.”
3So Moses and Eleazar the priest, on the steppes of Moab, at the Jordan near Jericho, gave instructions about them, namely,
4those from twenty years up, as the LORD had commanded Moses. The descendants of the Israelites who came out of the land of Egypt were:
5Reuben, Israel’s first-born. Descendants of Reuben: [Of] Enoch, the clan of the Enochites; of Pallu, the clan of the Palluites;
6of Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; of Carmi, the clan of the Carmites.
7Those are the clans of the Reubenites. The persons enrolled came to 43,730.
8Born to Pallu: Eliab.
9aThe sons of Eliab were Nemuel, and Dathan and Abiram.
12Descendants of Simeon by their clans: Of Nemuel, the clan of the Nemuelites; of Jamin, the clan of the Jaminites; of Jachin, the clan of the Jachinites;
13of Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites; of Saul,d the clan of the Saulites.
14Those are the clans of the Simeonites; [persons enrolled:] 22,200.
15Descendants of Gad by their clans: Of Zephon, the clan of the Zephonites; of Haggi, the clan of the Haggites; of Shuni, the clan of the Shunites;
16of Ozni, the clan of the Oznites; of Eri, the clan of the Erites;
17of Arod, the clan of the Arodites; of Areli, the clan of the Arelites.
18Those are the clans of Gad’s descendants; persons enrolled: 40,500.
19Born to Judah: Er and Onan. Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan.
20Descendants of Judah by their clans: Of Shelah, the clan of the Shelanites; of Perez, the clan of the Perezites; of Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites.
21Descendants of Perez: of Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; of Hamul, the clan of the Hamulites.
22Those are the clans of Judah; persons enrolled: 76,500.
23Descendants of Issachar by their clans: [Of] Tola, the clan of the Tolaites; of Puvah, the clan of the Punites;
24of Jashub, the clan of the Jashubites; of Shimron, the clan of the Shimronites.
25Those are the clans of Issachar; persons enrolled: 64,300.
26Descendants of Zebulun by their clans: Of Sered, the clan of the Seredites; of Elon, the clan of the Elonites; of Jahleel, the clan of the Jahleelites.
27Those are the clans of the Zebulunites; persons enrolled: 60,500.
28The sons of Joseph were Manasseh and Ephraim—by their clans.
29Descendants of Manasseh: Of Machir, the clan of the Machirites.—Machir begot Gilead.—Of Gilead, the clan of the Gileadites.
30These were the descendants of Gilead: [Of] Iezer, the clan of the Iezerites; of Helek, the clan of the Helekites;
31[of] Asriel, the clan of the Asrielites; [of] Shechem, the clan of the Shechemites;
32[of] Shemida, the clan of the Shemidaites; [of] Hepher, the clan of the Hepherites.—
33Now Zelophehad son of Hepher had no sons, only daughters. The names of Zelophehad’s daughters were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.—
34Those are the clans of Manasseh; persons enrolled: 52,700.
35These are the descendants of Ephraim by their clans: Of Shuthelah, the clan of the Shuthelahites; of Becher, the clan of the Becherites; of Tahan, the clan of the Tahanites.
36These are the descendants of Shuthelah: Of Eran, the clan of the Eranites.
37Those are the clans of Ephraim’s descendants; persons enrolled: 32,500.
38The descendants of Benjamin by their clans: Of Bela, the clan of the Belaites; of Ashbel, the clan of the Ashbelites; of Ahiram, the clan of the Ahiramites;
39of Shephupham, the clan of the Shuphamites; of Hupham, the clan of the Huphamites.
40The sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: [Of Ard,] the clan of the Ardites; of Naaman, the clan of the Naamanites.
41Those are the descendants of Benjamin by their clans; persons enrolled: 45,600.
42These are the descendants of Dan by their clans: Of Shuham, the clan of the Shuhamites. Those are the clans of Dan, by their clans.
43All the clans of the Shuhamites; persons enrolled: 64,400.
44Descendants of Asher by their clans: Of Imnah, the clan of the Imnites; of Ishvi, the clan of the Ishvites; of Beriah, the clan of the Beriites.
45Of the descendants of Beriah: Of Heber, the clan of the Heberites; of Malchiel, the clan of the Malchielites.—
46The name of Asher’s daughter was Serah.—
47These are the clans of Asher’s descendants; persons enrolled: 53,400.
48Descendants of Naphtali by their clans: Of Jahzeel, the clan of the Jahzeelites; of Guni, the clan of the Gunites;
49of Jezer, the clan of the Jezerites; of Shillem, the clan of the Shillemites.
50Those are the clans of the Naphtalites, clan by clan; persons enrolled: 45,400.
51This is the enrollment of the Israelites: 601,730.
52The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
53“Among these shall the land be apportioned as shares, according to the listed names:
54with larger groups increase the share, with smaller groups reduce the share. Each is to be assigned its share according to its enrollment.
55The land, moreover, is to be apportioned by lot; and the allotment shall be made according to the listings of their ancestral tribes.
56Each portion shall be assigned by lot, whether for larger or smaller groups.”
57This is the enrollment of the Levites by their clans: Of Gershon, the clan of the Gershonites; of Kohath, the clan of the Kohathites; of Merari, the clan of the Merarites.
59The name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt; she bore to Amram Aaron and Moses and their sister Miriam.
60To Aaron were born Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.
61Nadab and Abihu died when they offered alien fire before the LORD.—
62Their enrollment of 23,000 comprised all males from a month up. They were not part of the regular enrollment of the Israelites, since no share was assigned to them among the Israelites.
63These are the persons enrolled by Moses and Eleazar the priest who registered the Israelites on the steppes of Moab, at the Jordan near Jericho.
64Among these there was not one of those enrolled by Moses and Aaron the priest when they recorded the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai.
65For the LORD had said of them, “They shall die in the wilderness.” Not one of them survived, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.
Chapter 27
12The LORD said to Moses, “Ascend these heights of Abarim and view the land that I have given to the Israelite people.
13When you have seen it, you too shall be gathered to your kin, just as your brother Aaron was.
14aFor, in the wilderness of Zin, when the community was contentious, you disobeyed My command to uphold My sanctity in their sight by means of the water.”
Chapter 28
1The LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2aCommand the Israelite people and say to them:
3Say to them: These are the offerings by fire that you are to present to the LORD: As a regular burnt offering every day, two yearling lambs without blemish.
4You shall offer one lamb in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight.
5And as a meal offering, there shall be a tenth of an ephah of choice flour with a quarter of a hin of beaten oil mixed in.
7The libation with it shall be a quarter of a hin for each lamb, to be poured in the sacred precinct as an offering of fermented drink to the LORD.
8The other lamb you shall offer at twilight, preparing the same meal offering and libation as in the morning—an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD.
9On the sabbath day: two yearling lambs without blemish, together with two-tenths of a measured of choice flour with oil mixed in as a meal offering, and with the proper libation—
10a burnt offering for every sabbath, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its libation.
11On your new moons you shall present a burnt offering to the LORD: two bulls of the herd, one ram, and seven yearling lambs, without blemish.
12As meal offering for each bull: three-tenths of a measure of choice flour with oil mixed in. As meal offering for each ram: two-tenths of a measure of choice flour with oil mixed in.
13As meal offering for each lamb: a tenth of a measure of fine flour with oil mixed in. Such shall be the burnt offering of pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the LORD.
14Their libations shall be: half a hin of wine for a bull, a third of a hin for a ram, and a quarter of a hin for a lamb. That shall be the monthly burnt offering for each new moon of the year.
15And there shall be one goat as a sin offering to the LORD, to be offered in addition to the regular burnt offering and its libation.
16In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, there shall be a passover sacrifice to the LORD,
17and on the fifteenth day of that month a festival. Unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days.
18The first day shall be a sacred occasion: you shall not work at your occupations.
19You shall present an offering by fire, a burnt offering, to the LORD: two bulls of the herd, one ram, and seven yearling lambs—see that they are without blemish.
20The meal offering with them shall be of choice flour with oil mixed in: prepare three-tenths of a measure for a bull, two-tenths for a ram;
21and for each of the seven lambs prepare one-tenth of a measure.
24You shall offer the like daily for seven days as food, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD; they shall be offered, with their libations, in addition to the regular burnt offering.
25And the seventh day shall be a sacred occasion for you: you shall not work at your occupations.
26On the day of the first fruits, your Feast of Weeks, when you bring an offering of new grain to the LORD, you shall observe a sacred occasion: you shall not work at your occupations.
27You shall present a burnt offering of pleasing odor to the LORD: two bulls of the herd, one ram, seven yearling lambs.
28The meal offering with them shall be of choice flour with oil mixed in, three-tenths of a measure for a bull, two-tenths for a ram,
29and one-tenth for each of the seven lambs.with their libations, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its meal offering.
Chapter 29
1In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a sacred occasion: you shall not work at your occupations. You shall observe it as a day when the horn is sounded.
2You shall present a burnt offering of pleasing odor to the LORD: one bull of the herd, one ram, and seven yearling lambs, without blemish.
3The meal offering with them—choice flour with oil mixed in—shall be: three-tenths of a measure for a bull, two-tenths for a ram,
4and one-tenth for each of the seven lambs.
7On the tenth day of the same seventh month you shall observe a sacred occasion when you shall practice self-denial. You shall do no work.
8You shall present to the LORD a burnt offering of pleasing odor: one bull of the herd, one ram, seven yearling lambs; see that they are without blemish.
9The meal offering with them—of choice flour with oil mixed in—shall be: three-tenths of a measure for a bull, two-tenths for the one ram,
10one-tenth for each of the seven lambs.
12On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, you shall observe a sacred occasion: you shall not work at your occupations.—Seven days you shall observe a festival of the LORD.—
13You shall present a burnt offering, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD: Thirteen bulls of the herd, two rams, fourteen yearling lambs; they shall be without blemish.
14The meal offerings with them—of choice flour with oil mixed in—shall be: three-tenths of a measure for each of the thirteen bulls, two-tenths for each of the two rams,
15and one-tenth for each of the fourteen lambs.
17Second day: Twelve bulls of the herd, two rams, fourteen yearling lambs, without blemish;
18the meal offerings and libations for the bulls, rams, and lambs, in the quantities prescribed;
20Third day: Eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen yearling lambs, without blemish;
21the meal offerings and libations for the bulls, rams, and lambs, in the quantities prescribed;
23Fourth day: Ten bulls, two rams, fourteen yearling lambs, without blemish;
24the meal offerings and libations for the bulls, rams, and lambs, in the quantities prescribed;
26Fifth day: Nine bulls, two rams, fourteen yearling lambs, without blemish;
27the meal offerings and libations for the bulls, rams, and lambs, in the quantities prescribed;
29Sixth day: Eight bulls, two rams, fourteen yearling lambs, without blemish;
30the meal offerings and libations for the bulls, rams, and lambs, in the quantities prescribed;.
32Seventh day: Seven bulls, two rams, fourteen yearling lambs, without blemish;
33the meal offerings and libations for the bulls, rams, and lambs, in the quantities prescribed;
35On the eighth day you shall hold a solemn gathering; you shall not work at your occupations.
36You shall present a burnt offering, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the LORD; one bull, one ram, seven yearling lambs, without blemish;
37the meal offerings and libations for the bull, the ram, and the lambs, in the quantities prescribed;
39All these you shall offer to the LORD at the stated times, in addition to your votive and freewill offerings, be they burnt offerings, meal offerings, libations, or offerings of well-being.